Feature Image Credits: Wikipedia
There are seven continents on the Earth which are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe and Australia. And, these continents overall have around 194 independent countries. A country is a region identified as a distinct entity in political geography. So, let’s see which are the largest countries by land mass in the world. The area figures shown are based on the total area of each country, including both land and water areas within the international boundaries. The list is taken from the United Nations Statistics Division.
Here are the ten largest countries by land mass. So let’s explore whether the country we reside in falls under this list?
Total Area: 17,098,242 square kilometer
Russia is the largest country in the world covering more than one-eighth of the Earth’s inhabited land area. It is also officially known as the Russian Federation. In terms of population, Russia is the world’s ninth most populous country with nearly 144 million people in November 2014. Russia extends across the Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe.
Total Area: 9,984,670 square kilometer
Continent: North America
Canada ranks second among the largest countries in the world by their land mass. It is situated in the Northern part of North America. Canada’s border with the United States is the world’s longest land border. The country is sparsely populated with 35 million people, the majority of its land territory is dominated by forest and rocky mountains.
The United States of America:
Total Area: 9,857,927 square kilometer
Continent: North America
Capital: Washington DC
Ranking third in the list of largest countries by land mass, United States of America is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions. The territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. With over 320 million people, USA is the world’s third most populous country. The geography and climate of the United States are also extremely diverse.
Total Area: 9,596,961 square kilometer
China is the fourth largest country area wise. Officially known as the People’s Republic of China (PRC), it is a sovereign state in East Asia. It is the world’s most populous country, with a population of over 1.35 billion. China’s landscape is vast and diverse, ranging from forest steppes, the Gobi, and Taklamakan Deserts in the arid North to subtropical forests in the wetter South. The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separate China from South and Central Asia.
Total Area: 8,515,767 square kilometer
Continent: South America
Brazil is the fifth largest country by land mass. Officially known as the Federative Republic of Brazil, it is fifth also in terms of population. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats.
Total Area: 7,692,024 square kilometer
Ranking sixth of the largest countries by land mass, Australia is an Oceanian country comprising mainland of the Australian continent, island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. Australia is a developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world. The population of 23.6 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated in the eastern states and on the coast.
Total Area: 3,287,590 square kilometer
Capital: New Delhi
India is the seventh largest country by area and second-most populous with over 1.2 billion people. India is the most populous democracy in the world. The country is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the South-west, and Bay of Bengal on the South-east. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the West; China, Nepal and Bhutan to the North-east; Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the East.
Total Area: 2,780,400 square kilometer
Continent: South America
Capital: Buenos Aires
Ranking eight of the largest countries by land mass, Argentina is subdivided into twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires, the federal capital of the nation. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. Argentina has the second largest economy in South America and the third-largest in Latin America.
Total Area: 2,724,900 square kilometer
Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is the ninth largest country by land mass. Kazakhstan is the world’s largest landlocked country by land area. The country borders with Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan, and also adjoins a large part of the Caspian Sea. With an estimated 18 million people as of 2014, Kazakhstan is the 61st most populous country in the world.
Total Area: 2,381,741 square kilometer
Ranking tenth of the largest countries by land mass in the world, Algeria is the largest in Africa and Arab. Algeria is bordered to the North-east by Tunisia, to the East by Libya, to the West by Morocco, to the South-west by Western Sahara, Mauritania and Mali, to the South-east by Niger, and to the North by the Mediterranean Sea. The country is a semi-presidential republic consisting of 48 provinces and 1,541 communes.
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