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Feature Image Credits Wikipedia

Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, was instituted in 1954. The award is conferred in recognition of exceptional service, performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour without distinction of race, occupation, position or gender. The recommendations of the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister and President. The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year.

Recipients of the award receive a ‘Sanad’ (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion; there is no monetary grant associated with the award. Usually conferred on Indian citizens, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Nelson Mandela are the two non-Indians till date to receive the Bharat Ratna.

Ever since its institution, the award has been bestowed on 45 individuals. So, here are all the 45 recipients of Bharat Ratna.

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari:

C Rajagopalachari (Credits Wikipedia)
C Rajagopalachari (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1954

Birth Year: 1878

Death Year: 1972

About: Independence Activist who was the only Indian and last Governor General  of Independent India.

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan:

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (Credits Wikipedia)
S Radhakrishnan (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1954 

Birth Year: 1888

Death Year: 1975

About: Philosopher; Second President of India

CV Raman:

CV Raman (Credits Wikipedia)
CV Raman (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1954

Birth Year: 1888

Death Year: 1970

About: Physicist

Bhagwan Das:

B Das (Credits: Wikimedia)
B Das (Credits: Wikimedia)

Awarded in Year: 1955

Birth Year: 1869

Death Year: 1958

About: Independence Activist; Author

Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya:

M Visvesvaraya (Credits Wikipedia)
M Visvesvaraya (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1955

Birth Year: 1861

Death Year: 1962

About: Civil Engineer; Diwan of Mysore

Jawaharlal Nehru:

J Nehru (Credits: Wikipedia)
J Nehru (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1955

Birth Year: 1889

Death Year: 1964

About: First Prime Minister of India; Independence Activist; Author

Govind Ballabh Pant:

GB Pant (Credits: Wikipedia)
GB Pant (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1957

Birth Year: 1887

Death Year: 1961

About: Independence Activist; Former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh; Former Home Minister

Dhondo Keshav Karve:

DK Karve (Credits Wikipedia)
DK Karve (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1958

Birth Year: 1858

Death Year: 1962

About: Educator; Social Reformer

Bidhan Chandra Roy:

BC Roy (Credits Wikimedia)
BC Roy (Credits: Wikimedia)

Awarded in Year: 1961

Birth Year: 1882

Death Year: 1962

About: Physician; Former Chief Minister of West Bengal

Purushottam Das Tandon:

Awarded in Year: 1961

Birth Year: 1882

Death Year: 1962

About: Independence Activist; Educator

Rajendra Prasad:

R Prasad (Credits Wikipedia)
R Prasad (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1962

Birth Year: 1884 

Death Year: 1963

About: First President of India; Independence Activist

Zakir Hussain:

Z Hussain (Credits Wikipedia)
Z Hussain (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1963

Birth Year: 1897

Death Year: 1969

About: Third President of India; Scholar

Pandurang Vaman Kane:

Awarded in Year: 1963

Birth Year: 1880

Death Year: 1972

About: Indologist; Sanskrit Scholar

Lal Bahadur Shastri:

LB Shastri (Credits Wikimedia)
LB Shastri (Credits: Wikimedia)

Awarded in Year: 1966

Birth Year: 1904

Death Year: 1966

About: Second Prime Minister; Independence Activist

Indira Gandhi:

Indira Gandhi (Credits Wikimedia)
Indira Gandhi (Credits: Wikimedia)

Awarded in Year: 1971

Birth Year: 1917

Death Year: 1984

About: Third Prime Minister of India

VV Giri:

VV Giri (Credits Wikipedia)
VV Giri (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1975

Birth Year: 1894

Death Year: 1980

About: Trade Unionist; Fourth President of India

K Kamaraj:

K Kamaraj (Credits Wikipedia)
K Kamaraj (Credits: :Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1976

Birth Year: 1903

Death Year: 1975

About: Independence Activist; Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu

Mother Teresa:

Mother Teresa (Credits Wikipedia)
Mother Teresa (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1980

Birth Year: 1910

Death Year: 1997

About: Founder of the Missionaries of Charity; Catholic Nun

Acharya Vinoba Bhave:

Awarded in Year: 1983

Birth Year: 1895

Death Year: 1982

About: Social Reformer; Independence Activist

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan:

KAG Khan (Credits Wikipedia)
KAG Khan (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1987

Birth Year: 1890

Death Year: 1988

About: Independence Activist

MG Ramachandran:

MG Ramachandran (Credits Wikipedia)
MG Ramachandran (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1988

Birth Year: 1917

Death Year: 1987

About: Film Actor; Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu

BR Ambedkar:

BR Ambedkar (Credits Wikipedia)
BR Ambedkar (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1990

Birth Year: 1891

Death Year: 1956

About: First Law Minister of India; Chief Architect of the Indian Constitution

Nelson Mandela:

N Mandela (Credits Wikipedia)
N Mandela (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1990

Birth Year: 1918

Death Year: 2013

About: Leader of the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa; Former President of South Africa

Rajiv Gandhi:

R Gandhi (Credits Wikipedia)
R Gandhi (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1991

Birth Year: 1944

Death Year: 1991

About: Sixth Prime Minister of India

Vallabhbhai Patel:

V Patel (Credits Wikipedia)
V Patel (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1991

Birth Year: 1875 

Death Year: 1950

About: Independence Activist; First Home Minister of India

Morarji Desai:

M Desai (Credits Wikimedia)
M Desai (Credits: Wikimedia)

Awarded in Year: 1991

Birth Year: 1896

Death Year: 1995

About: Independence Activist Fourth Prime Minister of India

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad:

AK Azad (Credits Wikipedia)
AK Azad (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1992

Birth Year: 1888

Death Year: 1958

About: Independence Activist; First Education Minister of India

 

JRD Tata:

JRD Tata (Credits Wikipedia)
JRD Tata (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1992

Birth Year: 1904

Death Year: 1993

About: Industrialist; Philanthropist

Satyajit Ray:

S Ray (Credits Wikipedia)
S Ray (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1992

Birth Year: 1921

Death Year: 1992

About: Film Maker

Gulzarilal Nanda:

Awarded in Year: 1997

Birth Year: 1898

Death Year: 1998

About: Independence Activist; Interim Prime Minister of India

Aruna Asaf Ali:

Aruna Ali (Credits Wikipedia)
Aruna Ali (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1997

Birth Year: 1908

Death Year: 1996

About: Independence Activist

APJ Abdul Kalam:

Abdul Kalam (Credits Flikr Website)
Abdul Kalam (Credits: Flikr Website)

Awarded in Year: 1997

Birth Year: 1931

Death Year: 2015

About: Eleventh President of India; Aeronautical Engineer

MS Subbulakshmi:

MS Subbulakshmi (Credits Wikimedia)
MS Subbulakshmi:(Credits: Wikimedia)

Awarded in Year: 1998

Birth Year: 1916

Death Year: 2004

About: Carnatic Classical Singer

Chidambaram Subramaniam:

C Subramaniam (Credits Wikimedia)
C Subramaniam (Credits: Wikimedia)

Awarded in Year: 1998

Birth Year: 1910

Death Year: 2000

About: Independence Activist; Former Agriculture Minister of India

Jayaprakash Narayan:

J Narayan (Credits Wikipedia)
J Narayan (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1999

Birth Year: 1902

Death Year: 1979

About: Independence Activist; Politician

Amartya Sen:

A Sen (Credits Wikipedia)
A Sen (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1999

Birth Year: 1933  

Death Year: –

About: Economist; Nobel Laureate

Gopinath Bordoloi:

G Bordoloi (Credits Wikimedia)
G Bordoloi (Credits: Wikimedia)

Awarded in Year: 1999

Birth Year: 1890 

Death Year: 1950

About: Independence Activist; Former Chief Minister of Assam

Pandit Ravi Shankar:

R Shankar (Credits Wikipedia)
R Shankar (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 1999

Birth Year: 1920

Death Year: 2012

About: Sitar Player

Lata Mangeshkar:

L Mangeshkar (Credits Wikimedia)
L Mangeshkar (Credits: Wikimedia)

Awarded in Year: 2001

Birth Year: 1929

Death Year: –

About: Playback Singer

Ustad Bismillah Khan:

B Khan (Credits Wikimedia)
B Khan (Credits: Wikimedia)

Awarded in Year: 2001

Birth Year: 1916

Death Year: 2006

About: Hindustan Classical Shehnai Player

Bhimsen Joshi:

B Joshi (Credits Wikipedia)
B Joshi (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 2009

Birth Year: 1922

Death Year: 2011

About: Hindustani Classical Singer

CNR Rao:

CNR Rao (Credits Wikipedia)
CNR Rao (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 2014

Birth Year: 1934

Death Year: –

About: Scientist

Sachin Tendulkar:

S Tendulkar (Credits Wikimedia)
S Tendulkar (Credits: Wikimedia)

Awarded in Year: 2014

Birth Year: 1973

Death Year: –

About: Cricketer

Madan Mohan Malaviya:

MM Malaviya (Credits Wikipedia)
MM Malaviya (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 2015

Birth Year: 1861

Death Year: 1946

About: Educationist

Atal Bihari Vajpayee:

AB Vajpayee (Credits Wikipedia)
AB Vajpayee (Credits: Wikipedia)

Awarded in Year: 2015

Birth Year: 1924

Death Year: –

About: Politician; Eleventh Prime Minister of India

Bharat Ratna Award Recipients from 1954 to 2015

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