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math class 7

Class 7 Math is an important stage as it forms the basis for future math topics at a higher level. Below is a detailed topic wise CBSE Class 7 Math Curriculum for students and teachers likewise.

  1. Number System (50 hrs)

Knowing our Numbers: Integers

This chapter covers three topics.

  • Multiplication and division of integers. Here Division by zero is meaningless.
  • Properties of integers- which includes the additive, multiplicative, commutative, associative and distributive properties.
  • Word problems- these are basically application based problems.

Fractions and Rational Numbers:

This chapter contains a large number of small subtopics.

  • Multiplication of fractions.
  • Fraction as an operator.
  • Reciprocal of a fraction.
  • Division of fractions.
  • Word problems involving mixed fractions.
  • Introduction to rational numbers.
  • Operations on rational numbers.
  • Representation of rational number as a decimal.
  • Word problems on rational numbers.
  • Multiplication and division of decimal fractions.
  • Conversion of units.
  • Word problems- Application based problems. May include HOTS questions.


This is a relatively small chapter with larger significance in the long run.

  • Exponents only natural numbers.
  • Laws of exponents (primarily there are three laws).


  1. Algebra (20 hrs)

Algebraic Expressions:

Algebra in seventh standard consists of only one chapter having a large number of sub-topics which need to be studied in detail.

  • Generate algebraic expressions involving one or two variables.
  • Identifying constants, coefficient and powers.
  • Like and unlike terms, degree of expressions.
  • Addition and subtraction of algebraic expressions.
  • Simple linear equations in one variable with two operations.


  1. Ratio and Proportion (20 hrs)

This is one of the few chapters that we end up using throughout our life. Its various subtopics include:

  • Ratio and proportion.
  • Unitary method, consolidation and general expression.
  • Percentage- an introduction.
  • Understanding percentage as a fraction with denominator 100.
  • Converting fractions and decimals into percentage and vice-versa.
  • Application to profit and loss.
  • Application to simple interest with time period in complete years.


  1. Geometry (60 hrs)

Understanding Shapes:

This is one of  the easiest chapters in the curriculum with minimum hours required, its sub-topics include.

  • Pairs of angles- all the properties related to angles and simple proofs.
  • Properties of parallel lines with transversal.

Properties of triangles:

For a person who loves geometry this is a very interesting chapter all the subtopics only increase a person’s enthusiasm. The sub-topics included in this chapter are.

  • Angle sum property of a triangle.
  • Exterior angle property of a triangle.
  • Sum of two sides of a triangle.
  • Pythagoras Theorem.


Symmetry is again a very interesting and easy chapter. We basically learn about rotational symmetry, and operations of rotations. Later we are introduced to figures that have reflection and rotation symmetry.


Congruence is another interesting chapter in geometry where we learn the definition of congruence and then go about finding and proving figures to be congruent based on a set of Criteria’s.


For a person who likes to draw will find this chapter interesting as a lot of tools such as scale, protractor and compass are used to draw parallel lines and triangles based on given properties.


  1. Mensuration (15 hrs)

Mensuration is an important topic as it takes a lot of time and its integration in the math we study in higher classes is much greater. New sub-topics such as area between two rectangles and two concentric circles.


  1. Data Handling (15 hrs)

Data handling is a very important topic which encompasses various topics such as statistics and probability both which make the backbone of math in higher classes. The sub-topics included in this chapter are:

  • Collection and organization of data.
  • Mean, median and modeof ungrouped data.
  • Constructing bargraphs.
  • Feel of probability using data through experiments.

We hope that this detailed topic wise CBSE Class 7 Math Curriculum is useful for you.

Remember this is only what you do in class. To be good at math it matters what you do on your own.

SIGN UP at www.gyanlab.com to practice all these important Math chapters, find the small problems & loopholes, and score more in your tests & exams! Use Coupon Code ‘MYBLGL4000’ to get an exclusive 40% discount… HAPPY LEARNING!

Rajat Gulati

Business Dev & Ops Associate at GyanLab
Rajat is Business Dev & Ops Associate at GyanLab and manages customer acquision & delight here. He is a Mechatronics Engg graduate from Manipal and loves to play squash and golf.

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CBSE Class 7 Math Curriculum – Topicwise
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