(Feature Image Credits: Wikimedia Website)
Mountains, the massive landforms, form when plates in the Earth’s crust crash together. In fact the movement of Earth’s crust can actually make blocks of rock pop-up to form mountains. But the formation of mountains takes millions of years and the process in ongoing.
Most of the mountains with highest peak above the sea level lie in the Himalayan and Karakoram ranges in Asia. According to an information by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), fourteen mountain peaks on Earth are taller than 8,000m (26,247 ft). And, tallest of all these fourteen mountains is ‘Mount Everest’ which is the standard for comparing the other mountains. So, let’s see the top ten tallest mountains in the world.
1} At a height of 8,850m (29,035 ft) above sea level, Mount Everest is the tallest mountain in the world:
The first among the tallest mountains in the world, Mount Everest is located on the border between Sagarmatha Zone, Nepal and Tibet, and is part of the Himalayan Mountain Range. It is also known as Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in Tibet. The mountain was formed around fifteen million years ago.
2} Second among the tallest mountains in the world, K2 (Mount Godwin Austen) is 8,611m (28,251 ft) high above seal level:
K2 is the second highest mountain in the world after Mount Everest and is located on the China-Pakistan border. K2 is the highest point of the Karakoram range and the highest point in Pakistan.
3} Mount Kanchenjunga is the third highest with a height of 8,586m (28,169 ft) above sea level:
Third among the tallest mountains in the world, Kanchenjunga lies partly in Nepal and partly in Sikkim, India. Three of the five peaks- main, central and South are on the border between North Sikkim and Nepal. The other peaks are in the Taplejung District of Nepal. The main peak of Kanchenjunga is the highest mountain in India.
4} With a height of 8,516m (27,940 ft) high above sea level, Lhotse stands fourth among the tallest mountains in the world:
Lhotse is located on the boarder between Nepal and China. Lhotse lies on the South of the Everest which is joined by a ridge at an elevation of around 7,600m (25,000 ft) and is sometimes considered part of the Everest massif. Lhotse has three summits: Lhotse Main, Lhotse Shar (8,383m) and Lhotse Middle (8,414m).
5} The 8,485m (27,838 ft) high above sea level, Makalu is fifth highest mountain in the world:
Makalu, fifth among the tallest mountains in the world is located in the Mahalangur Himalayas nineteen kilometer Southeast of the Everest, on the border between Nepal and China. Makalu’s shape is a four-sided pyramid. Makalu has two notable subsidiary peaks- Kangchungtse, or Makalu II (7,678 m) which lies about three kilometre Northwest of the main summit and Chomo Lonzo (7,804 m) on the Northeast of the main summit across a broad plateau.
6} Mount Cho Oyu, the sixth tallest mountain in the world is 8,210m (26,906 ft) high above sea level:
Cho Oyu Mountain is the Westernmost major peak of the Khumbu sub-section of the Mahalangur Himalaya, twenty kilometer West of Mount Everest. The mountain stands on the China-Nepal border. Nangpa La, a glaciated pass is a few kilometers away from Cho Oyu. This pass serves as the main trading route between Tibetans and Khumbu’s Sherpas. The name Cho Oyu means ‘Turquoise Goddess’ in Tibetan.
7} Dhaulagiri Mountain is at a height of 8,167m (26,795 ft) above sea level:
Dhaulagiri Mountain is a Himalayan massif located in North central Nepal. The name Dhaulagiri means White Mountain. Dhaulagiri’s South and West faces trenches each of which rises over 4,000m from the bases.
8} Manaslu is the eight tallest mountain with a height of 8,163m (26,781 ft) above sea level:
Manaslu Mountain is located in the Mansiri Himal, part of the Nepalese Himalayas, in the West central part of Nepal. The Manaslu region is a popular trekking spot and provides variety of trekking. The highest point reached along the trek route is the Larkya La at a height of 5,106m (16,752 ft).
9} Nanga Parbat is at a height of 8,126m (26,660 ft) above sea level:
Nanga Parbat is the Western anchor of the Himalayas around which the Indus river skirts into the plains of Pakistan. It is located in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of the Pakistan. Nanga Parbat is considered as an immense, dramatic peak rising far above its surrounding terrain. It has been nicknamed as ‘the killer mountain’ as the climb is quite difficult.
10} Annapurna is the tenth tallest mountain in the world with a height of 8,091m (26,545 ft) above sea level:
Annapurna Mountain is a part of the Annapurna massif in the Himalayas in North central Nepal. The name Annapurna is a Sanskrit word which means ‘full of food’.
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